Historical context

In the second half of the 19th century, France intensified its colonial presence on the East coast of Africa in order to counter British influence in the region. In 1862, Napoleon III signed a trade treaty with Madagascar where he set up a French consulate. On the road that leads to the "red island" is the small territory of Obock, located near the city of Djibouti on the Gulf of Tadjourah and whose geostrategic position at the crossroads of three continents, excites the lust of large western powers.

It will be the first French anchor in the region which will then take the name ofFrench Somaliland (1) from 1896 to 1967. In June 1960, Somalia frees itself definitively from the British Empire and to avoid any reference with this new neighbor, the French administration is forced to change the name "French Somaliland".

Between 1967 and 1977, the colony was called the French Territory of Afars and Issas. On June 27, 1977, the independence of the country was proclaimed. The former French territory then officially becomes the Republic of Djibouti and the National Bank of Djibouti was founded on December 3, 1977. In 2000, the National Bank of Djibouti changed its name and became the Central Bank of Djibouti.

P38d_5000_francs_djibouti_type_1979.jpg

Above: front of 5,000 francs type 1979 (Pick: # 38). Dimensions: 162 x 87 mm. National Bank of Djibouti.




Notes

(1) A French Somaliland catalog is currently being finalized. The latter mainly presents notes issued between 1905 and 1952 by the Bank of Indochina.


Our sources

  • "Djibouti", Wikipedia.
  • "Djibouti" Standard Catalog of World Paper Money, 1961- present, 17th edition (pages 301 to 302).
  • "Djibouti" by Owen W. Linzmeyer.
  • Bank Note Museum: "Republic of Djibouti".
  • Photos archive: cgb.fr.