Liechtenstein and ... Tatarstan
Two new countries enter the Numizon catalog!
News by Oct. 1, 2020- on
You may have known ...
“The Principality of Liechtenstein (in German Fürstentum Liechtenstein) is an Alpine country in Europe without access to the sea, bordered by Switzerland to the west and south and by Austria to the east and north. It has an area of 160 km2 with an estimated population of 38,000 inhabitants. Its capital is Vaduz. The country is ranked second among countries for the highest GDP per capita and has one of the lowest unemployment rates in the world (2.5% in 2011).
Liechtenstein is the smallest and the richest of the German-speaking countries. Politically, it is a constitutional monarchy with a prince as head of state. The country is divided into eleven municipalities and two natural regions, Unterland and Oberland. The country's economy relies mainly on the powerful financial sector located in its capital, Vaduz, but it is no longer identified by the OECD as a tax haven. It is a member of the European Free Trade Association, the European Economic Area and the Schengen area, but not of the European Union ”. (Source: wikipedia).
Liechtenstein took its present form in 1719, when the lordships of Schellenburg and Vaduz were merged into one principality. The principality was a member of the Rhine Confederation from 1806 to 1815 and of the German Confederation from 1815 to 1866 when it became independent. Liechtenstein's long and close association with Austria ended with the First World War. In 1921, the country adopted the currency of Switzerland and, two years later, entered into a customs union with the Swiss, who also operated the postal and telegraph systems and represented it in international affairs. Liechtenstein abolished its army in 1868, which saved it from getting involved in all the European wars of the late 19th and 20th centuries.
Now discover the 3 emergency notes issued in 1920 by the principality ...
But do you know Tatarstan?
It's a weird name but Tatarstan does exist! The Republic of Tatarstan (in Russian: Респу́блика Татарста́н, Respoublika Tatarstan; in Tatar: Татарстан Республикасы) is a republic of the Russian Federation, located on the Volga basin and which takes its name from the Tatar people. The capital is Kazan. In 1552, under Ivan IV (the Terrible), Russia invaded Tatarstan and occupied it until the dissolution of the USSR. Constituted as an autonomous republic on May 27, 1990 and as a sovereign state equal to Russia in April 1992, the treaty of February 1994 henceforth defines the country as a state united with the Commonwealth of Independent States.
From 1992, the government of Tatarstan issued a first series of three 100 ruble banknotes that can only be distinguished by their color (blue-gray, red and yellow). These banknotes, which do not shine with their beauty, are single-sided and look much more like coupons than banknotes. These bills were not legal tender and were given to low-income people to improve their standard of living. On the principle of our luncheon vouchers, these banknotes only allowed the purchase of food and the change was not possible.
The second issue of 1993 is identical to that of 1992, but the national flag is replaced on the front by the coat of arms of Tatarstan featuring a winged snow leopard! It is only from the fourth issue of 1993-1995 that we see the appearance of higher value banknotes (500 and 1000 rubles) and this time with a back illustrated with visuals of animals or everyday life.
Discover now the 15 banknotes in the Numizon catalog ...
“The Banknote Book: Liechtenstein” by Owen W. Linzmeyer.
“The Banknote Book: Tatarstan” by Owen W. Linzmeyer.
“Liechtenstein” Standard Catalog of World Paper Money, 1368-1960, 12th edition (page 813).
"Tatarstan" Standard Catalog of World Paper Money, 1961 - present, 17th edition (pages 971-972).
Photos from cgb.fr sales archives.
Photos from Christoph Gärtner's sales archives.