Historical context

Muscat et Oman (1) is a sultanate which existed from 1650 to 1970. Initially, the region was partially occupied by the Portuguese from 1507 to 1650. Between 1649 and 1650, the Omanis ended up driving out the Portuguese for good and seizing the main trading posts from the East African coast: Mombasa, Kilwa, Zanzibar and Pemba. This stranglehold allows them to control part of the very lucrative slave trade.

The sultanate reached its peak at the beginning of the 19th century with a territory, mainly coastal, which stretches from south-eastern Arabia through the eastern coasts of Africa to the islands of Zanzibar (2). Located at the center of a veritable colonial empire, which was enriched by the slave trade and spices, the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman suddenly lost its influence and its territories when the Sultanate of Zanzibar gained independence on April 6, 1861. The abolition of slavery completes a decline that has become inevitable and which is felt even in demography (3). Economically bloodless, the sultanate was then placed under a British protectorate which would last from 1891 to 1970. In 1970, Sultan Qabus ibn Said came to power by driving out a tyrannical father and reorganized the country which became the current Sultanate of Oman.



Muscat and Oman banknotes

The Sultanate of Muscat and Oman issued only 6 banknotes during the year 1970! This is undoubtedly why in reference books or on professional websites, this issue is systematically associated with banknotes issued by the Sultanate of Oman. We have therefore chosen to isolate these banknotes and offer them to the Numizon catalog in a new category of country entitled ... Muscat and Oman!

Muscat_et_Oman_5_rials_type_1970.jpg

Above: front of 5 rials Saidi type 1970. Dimensions: 151 x 85 mm.




Notes

(1) In Arabic: مسقط وعمان 'Salṭanat Masqaṭ wa-‘Umān'.
(2) Read or reread our article entitled “Zanzibar Rupees” published on February 21, 2021.
(3) In 20 years, from 1850 to 1870, the city of Muscat will grow from 55,000 to 8,000 inhabitants!


Our sources

  • "Muscat and Oman" by Wikipedia.
  • "Muscat and Oman" by Owen W. Linzmeyer.
  • "Sultanate of Muscat and Oman" Standard Catalog of World Paper Money, 1961-present, 17th edition (page 747 to 748).
  • Photos archives of cgb.fr.