From Tanganyika to ... Tanzania
Tanzania is an East African country located in the southern hemisphere and bordering the Indian Ocean. The capital is Dodoma but the main economic hub is the former capital Dar es Salaam located on the coast. The current Tanzania (1) was born from the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. In April 1964, these two countries merged to form the United Republic of Tanzania. This new country whose coat of arms is adorned with the motto "Liberty and Unity" (Uhuru na Umoja in Swahili language) was ruled for 21 years, from 1964 to 1985 by Julius Kambarage Nyerere (1922-1999). The first president of the country therefore appears logically on the first four issues of the Bank of Tanzania, or 11 different banknotes ranging from 5 shillings Type 1966 to 100 shillings Type 1986!
Front of 5 shillings Type 1966. Dimensions: 139 x 65 mm.
From the 1986-1987 issues and until 1995, a portrait in a white shirt of the second president Ali Hassan Mwinyi (1925-) is in the spotlight. On the back, scenes from Tanzanian life, wildlife, geographic locations or emblematic buildings of the country.
Front of 5000 shillings Type 1995 showing a group of giraffes in the savannah with Mount Kilimanjaro in the background. Dimensions: 145 x 73 mm.
Since 1997, the portraits of presidents have been gradually replaced by wild animals typical of Tanzania: giraffe, lion, buffalo, rhino and elephant.
Front of 2000 shillings Type 2003. Dimensions: 140 x 69 mm.
The 43 banknotes issued by Tanzania between 1966 and 2020 are not uncommon. These are fairly easy to collect, even including the specimens, and for a relatively small sum. Discover now the 70th new country of the Numizon catalog!
(1) The word Tanzania is a portmanteau word created from “Tanganyika” and “Zanzibar” followed by the suffix “-ia”, classic for English country names.